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Dassault Falcon 900

The Dassault Falcon 900 is a French-built corporate jet aircraft made by Dassault Aviation. It, and its larger sibling the Falcon 7X, are the only trijets in production. Both aircraft are notable in featuring an S-duct central engine.


Falcon 900
Original production. Powered by three 20 kN (4,500 lbf) Garrett TFE731-5AR-1C turbofan engines.
Falcon 900 MSA
Maritime patrol version for Japan Coast Guard. Equipped with search radar and hatch for dropping rescue stores.
Falcon 900B
Revised production version from 1991. Powered by 21.13 kN (4,750 lbf) TFE731-5BR-1C engines.
Falcon 900EX
Long range version, with 22.24 kN (5,000 lbf) TFE731-60 engines and more fuel to give range of 8,340 km (4,501 nm; 5,180 miles). Improved avionics. Entered service 1996.
Falcon 900C
Replacement for 900B with improved avionics. Introduced 2000.
Falcon 900DX
Current medium range production type. TFE731-60 engines.
Falcon 900LX
Variant of EX fitted with Blended Winglets designed by Aviation Partners Inc.. Improved range of 8,890 km (5,520 mi).
Italian military designation for the 900EX.
Italian military designation for the 900EASY

900B - Three 21.1kN (4750lb) AlliedSignal TFE731-5BRs.
900EX - Three 22.3kN (5000lb) TFE731-60s.

900B - Max cruising speed 927km/h (500kt), economical cruising speed Mach 0.75. Max certificated altitude 51,000ft. Range with 15 passenger and reserves 7116km (3840nm), with eight passengers and reserves at Mach 0.80 7150km (3860nm).
900EX - Range with eight passengers at Mach 0.80 8020km (4330nm), at long range cruising speed 8335km (4500nm).

900B - Empty equipped 10,255kg (22,611lb), max takeoff 20,640kg (45,500lb).
900EX - Empty equipped 10,830kg (23,875lb), max takeoff 21,909kg (48,300lb).

Wing span 19.33m (63ft 5in), length 20.21m (66ft 4in), height 7.55m (24ft 9in). Wing area 49.0m2 (527.43sq ft).
Flightcrew of two. Main passenger cabin seating for between eight and 15 passengers, or up to 18 in a high density configuration.
Over 260 Falcon 900s (including 7 900Cs, 74 900EXs, and 2 900MSAs) delivered by mid 2000.
Large transcontinental range corporate jet

The Falcon 900 intercontinental range trijet is a substantially revised development of the Falcon 50.
Dassault announced it was developing a new intercontinental range large size business jet based on the Falcon 50 on May 27 1983 at the Paris Airshow. The prototype, "Spirit of Lafayette", flew for the first time on September 21 1984. A second prototype flew on August 30 1985, and this aircraft demonstrated the type's long range potential by flying nonstop from Paris to Little Rock, Arkansas in the USA for a demonstration tour. French certification was awarded on March 14 1986, FAA certification followed on March 21, and first customer deliveries occurred in December that year.
While of similar overall configuration to the Falcon 50, the Falcon 900 intoduced an all new wider and longer fuselage which can seat three passengers abreast. The main commonality with the Falcon 50 is the wing, which despite being designed for a considerably lighter aircraft, was adapted almost directly unchanged. In designing the Falcon 900 Dassault made use of computer aided modelling, while the aircraft's structure incorporates a degree of composite materials.
Two Falcon 900s entered service with the Japanese Maritime Safety Agency for the long-range maritime surveillance role as the Falcon 900MSA, equipped with search radar, special communications equipment, observation windows, a control station, and a drop hatch.
From 1991 the standard production model was the Falcon 900B, which differs from the earlier 900 in having more powerful engines, increased range, the ability to operate from unprepared strips and Category II visibility approach clearance. Earlier production 900s can be retrofitted to 900B standard.
The Falcon 900EX is a longer range development launched in October 1994. It features TFE731-60 engines, a Honeywell Primus 2000 EFIS avionics suite, optional Flight Dynamics head-up displays, increased fuel capacity and greater range. Its first flight was on June 1 1995 and first delivery was in May 1996.
The latest Falcon 900 model is the 900C. Revealed in 1998, the C is a development of the B but incorporates the advanced Honeywell Primus avionics of the 900EX, but without autothrottles. The 900C replaced the 900B in the Falcon product line with first deliveries in early 2000.

From 2003 the 900EX will introduce Dassault's EASy avionics operating system with four colour displays, cursor control devices and multifunction keyboards.
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